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Table 2 Background characteristics of the participants (N = 4850)

From: Prevalence of mental health problems and associated factors among front-line public health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in China: an effort–reward imbalance model-informed study

Variable N (%)/Mean (SD)
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex
 Male 1800 (37.11%)
 Female 3050 (62.89%)
Age 38.86 (9.74)
Having children under 6 years  
 No 3608 (74.39%)
 Yes 1242 (25.61%)
Job title  
 Junior 2329 (48.02%)
 Intermediate 1381 (28.47%)
 Senior 506 (10.43%)
 Other (e.g., volunteers) 634 (13.07%)
Effort–reward
Effort (score range: 4–20) 12.99 (2.80)
Over-commitment (score range: 5–25) 14.06 (2.57)
Reward (score range: 9–45) 33.44 (4.65)
Esteem (score range:4–20) 13.06 (2.64)
Development (score range: 2–10) 7.66 (1.52)
Job acceptance (score range: 3–15) 12.72 (1.91)
Mental health problems
PHQ-9 (score range: 0–27) 5.94 (5.59)
Depression
 No 3816 (78.68%)
 Yes 1034 (21.32%)
GAD-7 (score range: 0–21) 5.69 (5.07)
Anxiety
 No 3930 (78.68%)
 Yes 920 (18.97%)