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Table 3 Coefficients of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis with intention at T0, T1, and T2 as dependent variable. Interactions with implicit attitudes are added at step 4

From: A longitudinal study on how implicit attitudes and explicit cognitions synergistically influence physical activity intention and behavior

Block Independent variable Intention at T0 Intention at T1 Intention at T2
B SE β p R2 B SE β p R2 B SE β p R2
1 Gender −0.12 0.07 −0.09 0.10 .01 −0.09 0.09 −0.06 0.37 .01 −0.03 0.12 −0.02 0.78 .01
Age −0.01 0.02 −0.02 0.73   −0.01 0.02 −0.01 0.92 0.03 0.03 0.11 0.22
2 Gender 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.98 .40 0.01 0.08 0.01 0.93 .31 −0.02 0.11 −0.02 0.85 .36
Age −0.02 0.01 −0.05 0.25   −0.01 0.02 −0.03 0.56 0.00 0.02 −0.01 0.95
Perceived pros 0.44 0.06 0.31 < 0.001   0.33 0.09 0.22 < 0.001 0.31 0.11 0.23 0.03
Perceived cons −0.36 0.07 −0.27 < 0.001   −.33 0.09 −0.24 < 0.001 −0.48 0.11 −0.40 < 0.001
Social norms 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.74   0.02 0.06 0.02 0.80 −0.10 0.08 −0.10 0.23
Social modeling 0.19 0.05 0.18 < 0.001   0.17 0.06 0.16 0.01 0.24 0.08 0.25 0.03
Self-efficacy 0.20 0.05 0.18 < 0.001   0.23 0.07 0.20 0.01 0.02 0.08 0.02 0.85
3 Gender 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.99 .40 0.02 0.08 0.01 0.83 .31 −0.01 0.11 −0.01 0.94 .36
Age −0.02 0.01 −0.05 0.25   −0.01 0.02 −0.04 0.54 0.00 0.02 −0.01 0.86
Perceived pros 0.44 0.06 0.31 < 0.001   0.34 0.09 0.23 < 0.001 0.33 0.11 0.25 0.02
Perceived cons −0.37 0.07 −0.27 < 0.001   −0.33 0.09 −0.24 < 0.001 −0.48 0.10 −0.40 < 0.001
Social norms 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.75   0.02 0.06 0.02 0.76 −0.11 0.08 −0.10 0.20
Social modeling 0.19 0.05 0.18 < 0.001   0.16 0.06 0.15 0.01 0.24 0.08 0.25 0.003
Self-efficacy 0.20 0.05 0.18 < 0.001   0.23 0.07 0.20 0.001 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.96
Implicit attitude −0.02 0.09 −0.01 0.85   0.08 0.13 0.04 0.53 0.15 0.16 0.07 0.36
4 Gender −0.01 0.06 −0.01 0.89 .42 −0.01 0.09 −0.01 0.94 .33 −0.02 0.11 −0.01 0.87 .40
Age −0.01 0.01 −0.04 0.34   −0.01 0.02 −0.04 0.54 0.00 0.02 −0.02 0.85
Perceived pros 0.44 0.06 0.31 < 0.001   0.35 0.09 0.24 < 0.001 0.35 0.11 0.26 0.002
Perceived cons −0.36 0.07 −0.27 < 0.001   −0.34 0.09 −0.25 < 0.001 −0.46 0.11 −0.39 < 0.001
Social norms 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.80   0.02 0.06 0.02 0.79 −0.12 0.09 −0.12 0.15
Social modeling 0.19 0.05 0.19 < 0.001   0.14 0.07 0.14 0.03 0.23 0.08 0.24 0.01
Self-efficacy 0.19 0.05 0.17 < 0.001   0.22 0.07 0.19 0.003 −0.02 0.09 −0.02 0.83
Implicit attitude −0.01 0.09 0.00 0.93   0.08 0.13 0.04 0.53 0.15 0.16 0.07 0.35
Perceived pros X Implicit attitude −0.18 0.20 −0.04 0.37   0.01 0.31 0.01 0.97 0.48 0.45 0.09 0.30
Perceived cons X Implicit attitude 0.40 0.22 0.09 0.07   0.23 0.29 0.05 0.43 0.23 0.40 0.06 0.58
Social norms X Implicit attitude 0.05 0.13 0.02 0.69   0.22 0.19 0.07 0.25 0.24 0.31 0.07 0.45
Social modeling X Implicit attitude 0.05 0.15 0.02 0.72   −0.51 0.22 −0.14 0.02 −0.68 0.31 −0.19 0.03
Self-efficacy X Implicit attitude 0.34 0.16 0.10 0.04   0.25 0.23 0.07 0.28 0.05 0.28 0.02 0.86