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Table 2 Coefficients of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis with PA at T1 and T2 as dependent variable. Interactions with implicit attitudes are added at step 4

From: A longitudinal study on how implicit attitudes and explicit cognitions synergistically influence physical activity intention and behavior

Block Independent variable PA at T1 PA at T2
B SE β p R2 B SE β p R2
1 Gender 157.43 401.10 0.03 0.70 .01 402.48 549.70 0.07 0.47 .01
Age 159.04 89.97 0.11 0.08 126.51 117.45 0.10 0.28
2 Gender 410.09 395.25 0.07 0.30 .13 752.31 550.60 0.12 0.17 .16
Age 184.69 88.50 0.13 0.04 168.27 118.98 0.13 0.16
Perceived pros 186.54 443.57 0.03 0.67 273.97 569.21 0.05 0.63
Perceived cons − 162.19 445.26 −0.03 0.72 − 282.93 562.87 − 0.05 0.62
Social norms 93.69 281.24 0.02 0.74 −253.44 411.51 −0.06 0.54
Social modeling 145.73 307.02 0.03 0.64 −327.40 416.45 −0.08 0.43
Self-efficacy 1018.24 348.51 0.21 0.04 1049.31 430.11 0.24 0.02
Intention 693.96 350.41 0.15 0.05 738.01 461.74 0.17 0.11
3 Gender 392.83 405.72 0.06 0.33 .13 835.17 553.71 0.14 0.13 .17
Age 185.71 88.83 0.13 0.04 149.69 119.72 0.11 0.21
Perceived pros 178.04 446.60 0.03 0.69 420.83 580.76 0.07 0.47
Perceived cons −165.12 446.44 −0.03 0.71 − 307.65 562.11 −0.06 0.59
Social norms 88.48 283.07 0.02 0.75 −305.76 412.93 −0.07 0.46
Social modeling 156.39 312.43 0.03 0.62 −327.30 415.61 −0.08 0.43
Self-efficacy 1020.83 349.48 0.21 0.04 976.69 433.38 0.22 0.03
Intention 693.04 351.18 0.15 0.05 715.65 461.18 0.17 0.12
Implicit attitude −117.58 599.03 −0.01 0.84 999.95 822.30 0.11 0.23
4 Gender 333.74 412.23 0.05 0.42 .15 1024.46 569.58 0.17 0.07 .21
Age 201.59 90.99 0.14 0.03 154.76 125.83 0.12 0.22
Perceived pros 106.07 457.43 0.02 0.82 712.90 608.82 0.12 0.24
Perceived cons − 202.10 460.29 −0.03 0.66 − 339.29 594.66 −0.06 0.57
Social norms 111.38 287.22 0.03 0.70 − 379.21 439.25 −0.08 0.39
Social modeling 133.70 318.88 0.03 0.68 −435.61 430.50 −0.10 0.31
Self-efficacy 1000.94 352.48 0.21 0.05 943.53 439.23 0.22 0.03
Intention 680.71 358.98 0.15 0.06 482.54 476.19 0.11 0.31
Implicit attitude 31.84 610.01 0.03 0.96 1343.57 850.57 0.14 0.12
Perceived pros X Implicit attitude 608.53 1706.51 0.03 0.72 3803.21 2516.52 0.17 0.13
Perceived cons X Implicit attitude 957.04 1398.11 0.05 0.49 − 1034.64 2097.64 −0.06 0.62
Social norms X Implicit attitude − 553.86 928.58 −0.04 0.55 141.89 1589.57 0.01 0.93
Social modeling X Implicit attitude − 226.18 1100.33 −0.01 0.84 − 1279.73 1615.44 −0.08 0.43
Self-efficacy X Implicit attitude 2155.73 1157.93 0.14 0.06 − 536.38 1478.98 −0.04 0.72
Intention X Implicit attitude − 729.76 1099.42 −0.06 0.51 − 2958.15 1687.82 −0.21 0.08