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Table 3 Means with 95% confidence intervals and standard deviations for primary and secondary measures

From: A randomised active-controlled trial to examine the effects of an online mindfulness intervention on executive control, critical thinking and key thinking dispositions in a university student sample

  Sham Meditation Mindfulness Meditation
Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up
M 95% CI SD M 95% CI SD M 95% CI SD M 95% CI SD
Observing 25.58 [24.06, 27.18] 5.60 27.29 [25.63, 28.93] 5.74 26.63 [25.26, 28.00] 4.83 28.42 [27.13, 29.63] 4.52
Non-reactivity 20.10 [18.87, 21.35] 4.61 21.31 [20.08, 22.60] 4.46 20.37 [18.78, 21.89] 5.08 21.91 [20.60, 23.16] 4.21
Acting with Awareness 23.98 [22.31, 25.82] 6.43 24.60 [22.85, 26.47] 6.37 24.84 [23.30, 26.40] 5.19 24.81 [23.13, 26.42] 5.29
Non-judgment 26.85 [25.06, 28.66] 6.42 28.23 [26.19, 30.14] 7.09 27.02 [24.88, 29.08] 6.24 27.84 [25.96, 29.75] 5.99
Describing 26.17 [24.36, 28.05] 6.71 26.54 [24.55, 28.42] 6.62 26.21 [24.60, 27.86] 5.41 27.77 [26.40, 29.19] 4.94
HCTA 107.81 [104.35, 111.86] 12.10 113.79 [12.01, 16.58] 14.56 107.93 [103.80, 111.78] 12.67 113.49 [108.90, 117.88] 14.90
Heuristics and Biases 7.54 [6.85, 8.31] 2.12 7.65 [2.00, 2.54] 2.30 6.95 [6.26, 7.63] 2.35 7.21 [6.56, 7.86] 2.16
Actively Open-Minded Thinking 181.52 [175.98, 187.18] 18.59 182.98 [17.94, 23.78] 21.29 174.91 [169.65, 180.70] 19.10 179.11 [173.06, 185.04] 20.37
Need for Cognition 63.79 [60.83, 66.96] 10.49 63.54 [8.17, 12.78] 10.69 58.05 [54.33, 61.41] 12.25 58.79 [54.90, 62.36] 13.36
Executive Function 51.15 [50.33, 51.94] 2.90 50.67 [2.66, 4.40] 3.58 50.49 [48.56, 51.88] 4.85 50.65 [49.75, 51.53] 2.87
Wellbeing 49.98 [48.27, 51.71] 6.58 51.15 [5.57, 7.70] 6.82 50.28 [48.21, 52.42] 6.91 53.35 [51.14, 55.65] 7.00
Positive Affect 34.08 [32.13, 35.92] 7.04 35.29 [6.01, 8.00] 7.15 33.81 [31.74, 36.00] 7.32 34.91 [32.41, 37.24] 7.33
Negative Affect 20.17 [18.15, 22.15] 7.29 19.38 [5.17, 7.19] 6.33 18.95 [16.96, 20.97] 7.34 17.65 [15.95, 19.63] 6.59
Real World Outcomes 3.71 [2.96, 4.54] 2.77 3.23 [1.76, 2.94] 2.43 3.12 [2.53, 3.79] 2.06 3.30 [2.70, 3.90] 2.08